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Investigation of popular Web Server platform
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Recently, I take couple of days doing the investigation of web server architecture. I am wondering which architecture with less memory and better performance tends to be the best architecture for web server.

First, let's firgur out which OS platform would be the best choice for web server. Currently, the OS used for web server include Unix, Freebsd, Linux, Window 2003, Solary.  Based on data provided by netscraft, it shows Freebsd is the most stable OS, and Linux is the most used web server. Since Linux and Freebsd is some kind of same in Kernel, and Linux is mostly used in web sever, I choose Linux as ideal OS system for web server.

Secondly, let's talk about internet information server, there are may kinds of web server, IIS, Apache and other stuff. Google even names its web server as GWS, and Badidu just follow his way, named its web server BWS. Based from statistic data from NetCraft, Apache is still the most used web server.

Graph of market share for top servers across all domains, August 1995 - February 2007

DeveloperJanuary 2007PercentFebruary 2007PercentChange
Apache6431208360.176386954358.70-1.47
Microsoft3289842130.783383356631.090.31
Sun17490261.6418455841.700.06
Zeus5517670.525305960.49-0.03

so Apache tends the good choice for Web server.

Next, it's the database, according to information I collect, MySQL is the best choice, as it is open sourced, and the best sample is that Google choose MySQL as its database.

And then, which language will you use to program in Web development.  PHP, Python, Perl, JSP, of course, ASP.NET is not available on Linux OS. Google choose Python as its language to set up search empire, Sohu chooses php as its main language in web development, and netease uses JSP mostly, as you can find it at mail.163.com. According information I got, JSP is the best choice, as it is runing on java virtual machine, and provide power function to build meaningful application. One faulty it may bring is the memory consumption, but neglect it, so it's the choice.

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